James A. Leonard Jr., MD

Clinical Emeritus Professor, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Adult Clinical Faculty


James A. Leonard is Clinical Professor and former Chair, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) at the University of Michigan Medical School and is formerly the Medical Director of UM Orthotics & Prosthetics Center. He completed his Degree in Medicine UM Medical School and his PM&R Residency at University Hospital. Dr. Leonard is well known for his teaching of residents both medical and orthotics and prosthetics (O&P) and has won several teaching awards. He has served on the board of directors of the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine. In addition he has published many articles and book chapters related to the field of orthotics and prosthetics.

Dr. Leonard’s research, as a principal and co-investigator, has focused on advances in the field. He has worked with plastic surgery on bio-interface for advanced prosthetics. Dr. Leonard is one of the PI’s for the America Works one million dollar matching grant that is a collaboration with O&P, UM Engineering and several outside companies to develop materials to be used in 3D printing for AFO’s and potentially other orthotic and prosthetic services.


Medical School or Training

University of Michigan Medical School, 1972


University of Michigan Health System, Physical Med & Rehab, 1975

Board Certifications

Physical Medicine & Rehab

Electrodiagnostic Medicine

Professional Organizations

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine

International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics

Research Interests

  • Prosthetics
  • Phantom pain
  • Brachial plexopathy
  • Orthotics management of foot ulcers
  • Charcot feet