Fast Facts: Diabetes

NeuroNetwork for Emerging Therapies Diabetes Infographic

The Details:

Diabetes was the 7th leading cause of death in adults before COVID-19. (CDC)

  • Vision Problems
  • Kidney Damage
  • Cardiovascular Issues
  • Cognitive Decline
  • Neuropathy

Damage to the nerves causing numbness, tingling, muscle weakness & pain.

Type 1: An inability to make insulin that most frequently develops in childhood (5%-10% of cases).

Type 2: Occurs more in adults. The body develops resistance to insulin (90%-95% of cases).

  • 537 million people have diabetes worldwide.
  • 34.2 M in the US have diabetes or 1 in 10 Americans.
  • 21.4 % of adults with diabetes don’t know they have diabetes.
  • Additionally, 1 in 3 people in the US has prediabetes.
  • Obesity (strongly related to type 2 diabetes), particularly in middle age, increases risk of cognitive impairment or dementia.
  • Saturated fat, not sugar, is what impairs the ability to distribute energy in the brain and peripheral nerves.
  • Gut health affects function in both the brain and peripheral nerves.
  • Obesity and prediabetes can lead to peripheral nerve damage, even in the absence of high blood sugar.
  • A good diet (high in good fats/low in bad fats) can improve brain health and peripheral nerve function.
  • Inflammation is a driver of pain in neuropathy.