Equal Medicine

Equal Medicine Events

Equal Medicine was created in 2017 in an effort to develop a forum for our residents to discuss and learn about issues of gender disparities in medicine and for residents to gain the skills to address gender bias when they encounter it in clinical settings. It also includes curricular programming to support our women residents to develop the skills needed to advance and thrive in academic medicine, seeks to facilitate mentoring relationships and to celebrate each other’s successes.

Program Founders

  • Aditi Ramikrishnan, MD (program graduate 2018)
  • Nicole Hadeed, MD (program graduate 2019)
  • Jennifer Lukela, MD (Associate Program Director)

2022-2023 Leadership Team

  • Mary Finta (CMR)
  • Stephanie Spehar (CMR)
  • Melissa Ross (HO3)
  • Michelle Russin (HO3)
  • Kayla Secrest (HO3)
  • Xanthia Tucker (HO3)
  • Jessica Blank (HO2)
  • Katya Castillo (HO2)
  • Alex Hua (HO2)
  • Aishwarya Pastapur (HO2)
  • Sabrina Wilcox (HO2)

2022-2023 Events

  • "Vision Boarding Event" (Drs. Ruff, Spehar, and Russin facilitating), October 2022 (in person)
  • "6th Annual Negotiation Extravaganza" (Drs. Khateeb, Finta, and Ross facilitating), Date TBA, November/December 2022 (virtual)
  • "Parenting in Medicine" (Drs. Sheffield and Castillo facilitating), Date TBA, early February 2023 (in person)
  • "Infertility and Family Planning in Medicine" (Drs. Spehar and Tucker), Date TBA, Spring 2023 (in person)
  • "Leading as a Woman in Medicine" (Drs. Lukela, Secrest, Wilcox, and Blank), May 5, 2023 (tentative) (in person)

Past Events/Curricular Content

  • "So You Want to Talk About Race" (joint session with Anti-Racism Book Club)
  • "Equal Medicine Leadership Discussion with Molly Carnes, MD"
  • "Perfecting Your Pitch - How to Own Your Awesomeness and Sell Your Expertise!"
  • "What Is Intersectional Feminism and Why It Matters"
  • "Microaggressions in the Clinical Setting - What They Are and What to Do About Them When They Happen"
  • "Overcoming Imposter Syndrome"
  • "Mastering Menteeship - A guide to Finding Your Mentor and Being a Better Mentee"
  • "Brave and Bold - Lessons from Women Leaders in Medicine"

Inpatient Morning Reports/Equal Medicine Noon Conferences

  • Women in Internal Medicine Procedural Specialties
  • Gender Bias in Resident and Faculty Awards
  • Bias in Evaluations
  • “Afraid of Being Witchy with a B”- Unique Challenges for Women Physicians When Running a Code
  • Negotiation Pearls

Recommended Resources

The below resources are recommended by the leadership team and discussants at recent events.


  • Ask for It - Linda Babcock and Sarah Laschever
  • Atomic Habits - James Clear
  • Chatter - Ethan Koss
  • Drop the Ball - Tiffany Dufu
  • Expect to Win - 10 Proven Strategies for Thriving in the Workplace - Carla Harris
  • The First 90 Days - Michael D. Watkins
  • The Five Dysfunctions of a Team - Patrick Lencioni
  • How Women Rise - Sally Helgensen and Marshall Goldsmith
  • Letter to a Young Female Physician - Notes from a Medical Life- Suzanne Koven
  • Unwell Women: Misdiagnosis and Myth in a Man-Made World - Elinor Cleghorn 

Journal Articles

  • Felde L, Riddle S. Leadership & Professional Development: Getting Back to Work. A Guide to Supporting Colleagues Before and After Parental Leave. J Hosp Med. 2022 May;17(5):358-359. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12804. Epub 2022 Apr 22. PMID: 35451225.
  • Teshome BG, Desai MM, Gross CP, Hill KA, Li F, Samuels EA, Wong AH, Xu Y, Boatright DH. Marginalized Identities, Mistreatment, Discrimination, and Burnout Among US Medical Students: Cross Sectional Survey and Retrospective Cohort Study. BMJ. 2022 Mar 22;376:e065984. doi: 10.1136/bmj-2021-065984. PMID: 35318190; PMCID: PMC8938931.
  • Ganguli I, Rivara FP, Inouye SK. Gender Differences in Electronic Health Record Work - Amplifying the Gender Pay and Time Gap in Medicine. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(3):e223940. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.3940.
  • Nolen L, Manning KD, Marcelin JR. Leadership & Professional Development: Running a Race for Us All to Win. J Hosp Med. 2022 Feb;17(2):112-113. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2691. Epub 2022 Feb 1. PMID: 35504540.
  • Sebo, P, Clair, C. Gender Inequalities in Citations of Articles Published in High-Impact General Medical Journals: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Gen Intern Med. (2022).
  • Rittenberg E, Liebman JB, Rexrode KM. Primary Care Physician Gender and Electronic Health Record Workload. J Gen Intern Med. 2022 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07298-z. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34993875.
  • Hefner JL, Nembhard IM, Stephenson AL, Diehl AB, Dzubinski LM, McErlean M, Huppertz J, Sidhu M. An Exploration of Gender Bias Affecting Women in Medicine. Adv Health Care Manag. 2021 Dec 6;20. doi: 10.1108/S1474-823120210000020004. PMID: 34779186.
  • Sheffield V, Fraley L, Warrier G. Addressing Biased Patient Behavior: A Teachable Moment. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Dec 1;181(12):1631-1632. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5719. PMID: 34605854.
  • Gottlieb AS, Jagsi R. Closing the Gender Pay Gap in Medicine. N Engl J Med. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2114955. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 346700.
  • Billick M, Rassos J, Ginsburg S. Dressing the Part: Gender Differences in Residents' Experiences of Feedback in Internal Medicine. Acad Med. 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000004487. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34709203.
  • Marcotte LM, Arora VM, Ganguli I. Toward Gender Equity in Academic Promotions. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Sep 1;181(9):1155-1156. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3471. PMID: 34251397.
  • Kransdorf LN, Hayes SN. What's in a Name? Nothing, (in PubMed) if You Change It! Mayo Clin Proc. 2021 Sep;96(9):2309-2311. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.04.019. Epub 2021 Aug 5. PMID: 34366136.
  • Wang T, Douglas PS, Reza N. Gender Gaps in Salary and Representation in Academic Internal Medicine Specialties in the US. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Sep 1;181(9):1255-1257. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3469. PMID: 34251403; PMCID: PMC8276130.
  • Sheffield V, Hartley S, Stansfield RB, Mack M, Blackburn S, Vaughn VM, Heidemann L, Chang R, Lukela JR. Gendered Expectations: the Impact of Gender, Evaluation Language, and Clinical Setting on Resident Trainee Assessment of Faculty Performance. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Aug 17. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07093-w. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34405349.
  • Hawes AM, Gondy K. Sexual Harassment in Medical Education: How We Can Do Better. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Dec;36(12):3841-3843. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-06960-w. Epub 2021 Jun 18. PMID: 34145520; PMCID: PMC8642565.
  • Kaye EC. Misogyny in Medicine. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jun 17;384(24):2267-2269. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2103616. Epub 2021 Jun 12. PMID: 34133858.
  • Jagsi R, Fuentes-Afflick E, Higginbotham E. Promoting Equity for Women in Medicine - Seizing a Disruptive Opportunity. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jun 17;384(24):2265-2267. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2104228. Epub 2021 Jun 12. PMID: 34134182.
  • Gharzai LA, Griffith KA, Beeler WH, Burrows HL, Hammoud MM, Rodgers PE, Sabel MS, Carethers JM, Jagsi R. Speaker Introductions at Grand Rounds: Differences in Formality of Address by Gender and Specialty. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jul 1. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0031. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34197213.
  • Lukela JR, Ramakrishnan A, Hadeed N, Del Valle J. When perception is reality: Resident perception of faculty gender parity in a university-based internal medicine residency program. Perspect Med Educ. 2019 Dec;8(6):346-352. doi: 10.1007/s40037-019-00532-9. PMID: 31728840; PMCID: PMC6904409.
  • Mullangi S, Jagsi R. Imposter Syndrome: Treat the Cause, Not the Symptom. JAMA. 2019 Aug 6;322(5):403-404. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.9788. PMID: 31386138.
  • Stentz NC, Griffith KA, Perkins E, Jones RD, Jagsi R. Fertility and Childbearing Among American Female Physicians. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2016 Oct;25(10):1059-1065. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2015.5638. Epub 2016 Jun 27. PMID: 27347614.
  • Kolehmainen C, Brennan M, Filut A, Isaac C, Carnes M. Afraid of being "witchy with a 'b'": a qualitative study of how gender influences residents' experiences leading cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Acad Med. 2014 Sep;89(9):1276-81. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000372. PMID: 24979289; PMCID: PMC4146658.

Recent Popular Press

ACP Leadership Academy Webinars

The below webinars on Women in Medicine, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, Professional Development, and many more, can be found on the ACP Leadership Academy Webinars website.

Women in Medicine

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Professional Development


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